Whether a person works in an office or simply uses a personal computer at home, it is important to remember that much like any other piece of equipment that gets used on a regular basis, parts will eventually fail. Pretty much any part on a personal computer can fail, from memory, to a power supply, to the motherboard, to a hard drive, and any other piece of hardware inside the PC as a matter of fact.
Most pieces of hardware inside of a PC are easily replaceable, and most can be swapped in the matter of minutes with a cost of $ 100 or less. Hard drives, however, are a different story. Hard disk drives are the only pieces of hardware in a personal computer that act as internal data storage. What does this mean? This means that while a user can be up and running within minutes after any other piece of hardware is replaced, a hard drive failure can cost that person not only time, but significant amounts of money.
Hard drives store pretty much all data that a person will need access to, so if there is not a backup, it simply is not a matter of replacing the drive and moving on. If any important data exists on the drive, that person will need to have that data stored and moved to a new drive before they can continue with their work.
How does a person go about getting their data recovered? Well, data recovery is a process best left to the professionals. A person can take a hard disk to a third party company and they will most likely be able to fix any problems and get the data moved to a new hard drive. If the failure is a hardware issue, then the drive itself will need to be fixed and afterwards, the data will need to be moved to a new, stable drive. If the issue is software, then the company will need to work on restoring the file system or will need to fix the issue causing the corruption before the data is accessed and restored.
Either way, whether the problem with a hard drive is software or hardware, a data recovery specialist can often restore the information stored on the drive without losing much, if any, data on the drive. A hard drive failure at an inopportune time can be disastrous, but there are companies out there that can help get a person back on track in a timely manner.